Tag: windows server 2008

Extended Security Updates for SQL Server and Windows Server 2008 and 2008 R2 on Azure Stack

Extended Security Updates for SQL Server and Windows Server 2008 and 2008 R2 on Azure Stack

SQL Server and Windows Server 2008 and 2008 R2 will both be out of extended support within the next 12 months (detailed dates below). This means if you have these versions, you’ll need to migrate to newer versions of SQL Server or Windows Server or buy Extended Support soon to maintain support and receive security updates and fixes. Buying Extended Support is not cheap. Customers with active Software Assurance or subscription licenses can purchase Extended Security Updates annually for 75 percent of the full license cost of the latest version of SQL Server or Windows Server. A lot of customers should start migrating to newer versions of these products to avoid these extra costs.

Extended Support dates

  • Extended Support for SQL Server 2008 and 2008 R2 will end on July 9, 2019.
  • Extended Support for Windows Server 2008 and 2008 R2 will end on January 14, 2020.

However, in mid-2018 Microsoft announced a new option for SQL Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 End of Support. Customers running 2008 or 2008 R2 versions of SQL Server and Windows Server in Azure virtual machines will get Extended Security Updates for free. This will give customers some extra time to migrate to newer versions of SQL Server and Windows Server. Or even better, to Azure PaaS and serverless computing like Azure Functions.

Extended Security Updates on Azure Stack

If you are thinking to migrate to the cloud, this new option will bring down costs for you. However, not everyone is fully ready to move all their servers to the public cloud. You might still need or want to run some servers on-premise in your datacenter. This will leave you with buying Extended Support or what a lot of people don’t know; you can also run your SQL Server and Windows Server 2008 and 2008 R2 on Azure Stack and get Extended Security Updates for free since it is Azure!

This is great, especially since Azure Stack also comes with great IaaS capabilities. And if you are thinking about using Azure in the mid-term, Azure Stack provides you with Azure capabilities, but still allows you to stay in your datacenter.



Windows Server 2008 R2 Upgrade

In-place Upgrade Windows Server 2008 to Windows Server 2008 R2

I’m not a big fan of In-place Windows Upgrades, especially in the server environment. But we had some servers with a small application running on Windows Server 2008, so we decided to in-place upgrade this server to Windows Server 2008 R2. Now guess what, it worked. If the hardware and all applications are compatible with Windows Server 2008 R2, you can try to upgrade.

You can also check out the Windows Server Upgrade Center, which helps you to find different upgrade scenarios.

  1. Start Windows Server 2008 R2 DVD or attached ISO file.
    Windows Server 2008 R2 Upgrade
  2. Choose Operation System
    Windows Server 2008 R2 Upgrade
  3. Now choose Upgrade
    Windows Server 2008 R2 Upgrade
  4. Check the compatibly report
    Windows Server 2008 R2 Upgrade
  5. Upgrading Windows
    Windows Server 2008 R2 Upgrade
  6. After that Windows reboot and if everything worked, you have now a Windows Server 2008 R2
    Windows Server 2008 R2

I hope this gives you a quick look at how you can in-place upgrade Windows Server 2008 to Windows Server 2008 R2. If you have any questions, feel free to leave a comment.



Remote Disk Management with “RPC server is unavailable” Error

If you have a Windows Server 2008 R2 Core Server or a Hyper-V R2 Server, which is also managed like a Core Server, you are really happy if you can use the Server Manager for this Remote Machine. Basiclly I had the the Remote Setup done. I could connect to the remote Machine with the Server Manager but when I tried to use the Disk Management on a remote Server and I got the following error “RPC server is unavailable”. After checking it I found the solution. The Problem is that the Firewall blocks the remote communication to virtual disk service. So you have to open the Firewall on the Management Machine

  1. First make sure you activated all the Remote Management options on the Remote Machine. I had all done this but its good to check that.
  2. Now you can run the following Command in cmd on the Management Machine to add the a new firewall rule
    netsh advfirewall firewall set rule group="Remote Volume Management" new enable=yes

firewall



Create an OS Image in Windows Deployment Services (Capture Image)

Here I will show you how you can simply create a new Image in WDS (Windows Deployment Services). You can use this to create own Images for your Servers or PCs or update existing Images.

  1. Add Capture Images to your WDS
    Windows Deployment Services
  2. Update your Computer or VM with the latest Software.
    Windows Deployment Services
  3. Use Sysprep to generalize the Machine. You can find sysprep.exe in C:\Windows\System32\sysprep
    Sysprep
  4. After the Reboot boot into PXE and boot the Windows Capture Image
    Capture Image
  5. Now you can use the Image Capture Wizard
    Capture Image Wizard
  6. Choose which volume you want to capture if you have just one partion in your installed Image the Volume would be D:\ (C: is the booted Windows PE from the Windows Deployment Service)
    Capture Volume
  7. Now you have to choose the name of the WIM file and the location, before you can upload it to the WDS Server you have to save it on a local partion. After that you can choose your WDS Server and the Image Group you want to upload the image after the Volume is captured.
    Image
  8. Now the capturing process will start
  9. After the capturing process is finished and the image is uploaded you can find the Image in the Image group on your WDS Server
    Capture ImageWDS
  10. Now you can Rollout this new Image


How to add a Windows Server 2008 R2 Core as Secondary Domain Controller (replica)

This is a small How to which shows you how you can add a Windows Server 2008 R2 Core as a Secondary Domain Controller or Replica.

  1. sconfig Windows Server 2008 R2First configure the Core Server, Name, Domain, IP Adresse and more. You can use the command sconfig to run the Server Configuration Utility.
  2. Now you can go back to the Command Promt.
  3. Now you have to possibilities to install a Domain Controller. First you run dcpromo with a unattend file you have created and copied on the server, or you run dcpromo with some parameters. I decided to run dcpromo with the necessary parameters because I just need a simple replica.
  4. Now you can run the command on the Command Promt
    Dcpromo Windows Server 2008 R2 Core Dcpromo /unattend /replicaOrnewDomain:replica /replicaDomainDNSName:corp.pepsi.local /ConfirmGC:yes /username:corp’administrator /Password:* /safeModeAdminPassword:PepsiPassword
  5. After that the Server will run the installer and reboot.
    Windows Server 2008 R2 Core DCPROMO
  6. A replication connection was created
    Windows Server 2008 R2 AD Replication

If you need more Information about Active Directory Creation on a Windows Server 2008 Core Server you can checkout the Microsoft KB947034.



Installing Windows Server 2008 R2 Server with 3ware 9650SE Raidcontroller

If you need to install Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 on a Server with a 3ware 9650SE Raidcontroller, you can’t just install it on this machine, you can’t even install it with adding the driver during the installation process.

  1. First Update the Raid Controller Firmware by downloading the Codeset ISO from the 3ware Download page UPDATED (Version 9.5.1 or higher).
  2. Burn the ISO file and boot this CD
  3. Update the Firmware
  4. Reboot with the Windows Server 2008 R2 DVD
  5. During the Boot (right after “Press any key to boot from CD/DVD…”) of the CD press F8 and choose “Disable Driver Signature Enforcement”
  6. Now you can add the Raid Controller Driver (Version 9.5.1 or higher) via USB Stick, Floppy, CD or DVD.
    IMPORTANT: You can not add the Driver without an updated Firmware
  7. After you have installed your Windows Server 2008 R2 you can download the latest Drivers and Firmware form here (Version 10.2). I could not found any Codeset ISO with Version 10.2, thats why you have to update first to 9.5.1 (or 9.5.3).

This needs to be done for all Windows Server 2008 R2 Server and Windows Server 2008 Editions.



Windows Server 2008: Allow multiple Remote Desktop sessions per user

In Windows Server 2003 you could have multiple Remote Desktop session with the same user. In Windows Server 2008 this is not possible by default. If you login with the same user account the first session will be taken over by second session.

But you can allow multiple Remote Desktop sessions per user by changing a registry key.

  1. Start regedit
  2. Check out the follwoing registry key
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\TerminalServer
  3. If the fSingleSessionPerUser value doesn’t exist, create a new DWORD value named fSingleSessionPerUser
  4. Open the fSingleSessionPerUser value. The possible values for this setting are as follows:
    0x0 Allow multiple sessions per user
    0x1 Force each user to a single session
  5. save this

Found this on remotedesktoprdp.com



Swiss Technet Event

Today I had the chance to visit Microsoft Switzerland. I visited one of the presentations called “Windows 7 SP1 and Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 – What’s new?”. Speaker of the session was Markus Erlacher (Microsoft IT Consultant). As always Microsoft does a great job by host events like this.

I really recommend you to visit one of the next events (you can find them on the swiss TechNet Homepage). The will host this session “Windows 7 SP1 and Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 – What’s new?” again in november.

So what is new in Windows 7 SP1 and Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1? Basically there are alot of hotfixes and two main things in Windows Server 2008 R2.



HowTo: Install Roles and Features Windows Server 2008 R2 Core (Shell)

This Guide should help you to install Roles and Features on Windows Server 2008 R2 per shell or on a Windows Server 2008 R2 Core Server.

Under Windows Server 2008 you could install Roles and Features with the command OCSETUP. Since we use Windows Server 2008 R2 Microsoft used the tool called DISM (Deployment Image Servicing and Management tool).

For checking availible Server roles type:

Dism /online /get-features /format:table

To enable a Feature or a Role, in this case the DNS Server Role, you just type:

Dism /online /enable-feature /featurename:DNS-Server-Core-Role



Active Directory Schema Versions

The list of Active Directory Schema versions:

  • Windows 2000 RTM with all Service packs = Schema version 13
  • Windows Server 2003 RTM with all Service packs = Schema version 30
  • Windows Server 2003 R2 RTM with all Service packs = Schema version 31
  • Windows Server 2008 RTM with all Service packs = Schema version 44
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 RTM with all Service packs = Schema version 47

Check the schema version in the Registry:

HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\NTDS\Parameters\<Schema Version>

Check the schema version with dsquery:

dsquery * CN=Schema,CN=Configuration,DC=Root-Domäne -Scope Base -attr objectVersion