Tag: installation

Windows Server 2019 USB Drive

Create a USB Drive for Windows Server 2019 Installation

This blog post covers how you can create a bootable USB media drive to install Windows Server 2019 on a physical server. This blog post will not use any third party tools, it only uses build in tools which you can find on Windows 10 or Windows Server. Depending on your system you will need it to install it on a BIOS system or a UEFI based system, which is slightly different since UEFI will use GPT disks and BIOS will use a MBR disk.

Getting ready to create a USB Drive for a Windows Server 2019 Installation

First you will need to have all prerequisites in place.

  • Download the Windows Server 2019 ISO File
  • A USB Drive with at least 8GB size

Installation Windows Server 2016 VPN

How to Install VPN on Windows Server 2016

This post shows you how you can install a VPN Server on Windows Server 2016 Step-by-Step. It shows you how you can easily setup a VPN server for a small environment or for a hosted server scenario. This blog post covers how you can use Windows Server VPN.

This is definitely not a guide for an enterprise deployment, if you are thinking about a enterprise deployment you should definitely have a look at Direct Access.

I already did similar blog posts for Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2012 R2.

You can simply follow this step by step guide:

Install the Windows Server VPN Role

First install the “Remote Access” via Server Manager or Windows PowerShell.

Install Remote Access Role VPN

Select the “DirectAccess and VPN (RAS)” role services and click next.

DirectAccess and VPN (RAS)

DirectAccess Deployment done

Microsoft DirectAccess

In the last 3 weeks we had do some little Windows Server projects in a Microsoft Workshop at KTSI. Since I was really interessted in Microsoft DirectAccess as an alternative to “legacy” VPN such as PPTP or L2TP, I made a little project out of that and installed DirectAccess in my LAB. And I also created a documentation step by step documentation for LAB and SMB installations of DirectAccess.

I had some respect of the installation of DirectAccess and the requirements of DirectAccess. But to my surprise after the first try everything worked fine. So if you do everything step by step and pay attention to the details you will succeed.

Now to DirectAccess, it’s not just another VPN technology. It can save users and the IT deparments a lot of time. How many hours do you have spent do troubleshoot VPN connection problems? Now with DirectAccess users can work with their notebooks as they were within the company network. You don’t really care about firewalls or connection losses.

But more on DirectAccess later, I will post the step by step guide later this week.

Cisco UCS Hyper-V Cluster – Install Blade Servers – Part 3

After you have created a new Hyper-V 2008 R2 ISO Installation image you can now start to install the Cisco Blade Servers. There are many ways (WDS, Virtual Media) how you can deploy the Hyper-V Image on your Blade Nodes. I will use the Virtual Media to install the Blade Notes in this guide.

  1. Start the KVM Console in the UCS Manager
    Cisco UCS KVM Console
  2. Attach the Hyper-V 2008 R2 Image to the Virtual Media
    Cisco UCS Virtual Media
  3. Now do the standard Hyper-V installation. With the Image we created Hyper-V will have all the drivers you need.
    Hyper-V 2008 R2 Installation
  4. After the Installation is finished and you set the local administrator password. I change the IP Address of the Server and install the latest updates.
    Hyper-V 2008 R2 Updates

Cheatsheet: Configuring a Server Core installation #1

After setting up my new hardware for my LAB, I thought about installing my Hyper-V Servers as Server Core installations. After reading two minutes in some blogs and the Microsoft TechNet I decided to use the Core Editions.

Basically the setup is the same as the none Core Edition or GUI Edition. But after the installation you have to configure the server without a GUI, your only way to do the basic configuration is the command promt. Btw if you close the command prompt, you can easily recover the prompt by pressing CTRL-ALT-DELETE, click Start Task Manager, click New Task and type cmd.exe.

Windows Server 2008 R2 Core

To do the basic configuration of your Windows Server 2008 (R2) Core, you need the following commands:

Checkout the existing Hostname / Computername:

hostame or ipconfig

Change the Computername / Hostname:

netdom renamecomputer <ComputerName> /NewName:<NewComputerName>

Change the Computername / Hostname without writing the old name:

netdom renamecomputer %computername%   /NewName:<NewComputerName>

Show network interfaces:

netsh interface ipv4 show interfaces

Set Static IP Address, Subnet Mask, and Default Gateway (ID is the shown number in the Idx column when you show your network interfaces):

netsh interface ipv4 set address name="<ID>" source=static address=<StaticIP> mask=<SubnetMask> gateway=<DefaultGateway>

Set DNS Server (index= is the priority of the DNS Server):

netsh interface ipv4 add dnsserver name="<ID>" address=<DNSIP>index=1

Join a Domain:

netdom join <ComputerName> /domain:<DomainName> /userd:<UserName> /passwordd:*

Add a Domain User to the local administrator group:

net localgroup administrators /add <DomainName>\<UserName>

Change or set the product key of your server:

slmgr.vbs –ipk<productkey>

Active the server licence:

slmgr.vbs -ato

If activation is successful, no message will return in the command prompt

Configure the firewall:

netsh advfirewall

netsh advfirewall firewall set rule group="Remote Administration" new enable=yes

Enable Remote Desktop:

cscript c:\windows\system32\scregedit.wsf /ar 0

Restart the Computer:

shutdown /r /t 0

Open Task Manager with the command prompt:


List event logs:

wevtutil el

Find something in the event log:

wevtutil qe /f:<text>

List running services:

sc query


net start

List running tasks:


to active Powershell type:


For the most of this simple tasks there is also a configuration tool, which makes it very easy to do your first configuration with Windows Server 2008 Core Edition. The Tool is called sconfig, and its very simple, just start the program with the following command:


Now this will open the following configuration utility:

Windows Server Core Sconfig.cmd