Tag: Hyper-V Server 8

Configure Hyper-V Host Network Adapters Like A Boss

Hyper-V R2 SP1

If you are working a lot with Hyper-V and Hyper-V Clustering you know that something that takes a lot of time is configure the Hyper-V Host Network Adapters. First because most of the time you have a lot of NICs build into your host for the different Hyper-V and Cluster networks and secondly Windows names the NICs in a random way and this makes it hard to find out which network card is the right one. Maybe your first NIC on your Hyper-V Host01 is called “Local Area Connection 2” and on your second Hyper-V Host with the same hardware configuration the “same” NIC is called “Local Area Connection 3”. One of the possibilities to find out which network card is the right one is to check the MAC address of the network adapter. But for this you still have to know which MAC address is on which network adapter port.

Another way to do it is to plug in the network cables one by one. So you can see which port is active and then you can rename the network adapter. Now some times this one is one of the only solutions, but it takes a lot of time to do this on every host. And if you build Clusters up to 16 Hosts you really don’t want to do that.

Now there is a solution, you can sort your NICs by PCI bus and PCI slot. Maarten Wijsman did a blog post how you can do this on the Hyper-V.nu blog. With this knowledge you can start to automate this very easy.

networkcable

I have created two Windows PowerShell scripts which make my life a lot easier.

First I configured the first Hyper-V host and renamed all the Network adapters. If you have a GUI server you could do that via GUI or if you have a Windows Server Core or Hyper-V Server you can do this via netsh.

netsh interface set interface "Local Area Connection 2" newname="Management"

If I have done that I use my  Windows PowerShell script called Get-NICInformation.ps1 to get the information about the network adapters.

get-nicinformation

This gives me a lot of information about the NICs in my first hosts. But the important part is the order of the NICs. In my example I know that the order is this:

  • Management
  • VMNet
  • CSV
  • LiveMigration
  • iSCSI01
  • iSCSI02

Since my other hosts have the same hardware they will have the same PCI Bus order.

# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- #
# Powershell Get-NICInformation $Rev: 748 $
# (c) 2011 Thomas Maurer. All rights reserved.
# created by Thomas Maurer
# www.thomasmaurer.ch
# www.itnetx.ch
# last Update by $Author: tmaurer $ on $Date: 2012-02-24 14:07:36 +0100 (Fr, 24 Feb 2012) $
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- #
 
#region [INFO BLOCK]
# INFO
Write-Host " " -BackgroundColor Black -ForegroundColor White
Write-Host " PowerShell Get-NICInformation " -BackgroundColor Black -ForegroundColor White
Write-Host " " -BackgroundColor Black -ForegroundColor White
Write-Host " by Thomas Maurer " -BackgroundColor Black -ForegroundColor White
Write-Host " www.thomasmaurer.ch " -BackgroundColor Black -ForegroundColor White
Write-Host " " -BackgroundColor Black -ForegroundColor White
#endregion
 
$adapters = Get-WMIObject Win32_PNPSignedDriver | Where-Object { $_.DeviceClass -eq “NET” -and $_.HardWareID -like*PCI*} | Sort-Object location
 
foreach ($adapter in $adapters ) {
 
$adapterName = Get-WMIObject Win32_NetworkAdapter | Where-Object { $_.PNPDeviceID -eq $adapter.DeviceID }
$adapterConfiguration = Get-WmiObject Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration | Where-Object { $_.index -eq $adapterName.Index }
 
Write-Host ‘Adapter Name :’ $adapterName.NetConnectionID
Write-Host ‘PCI BUS :’ $adapter.Location
Write-Host ‘MAC Address :’ $adapterName.MACAddress
Write-Host ‘GUID :’ $adapterName.GUID
Write-Host ‘Adpater Index :’ $adapterName.Index
Write-Host ‘Hardwarename :’ $adapterName.Name
Write-Host ‘DHCP enabled :’ $adapterConfiguration.DHCPEnabled
Write-Host ‘IP Address :’ $adapterConfiguration.IPAddress
Write-Host ‘Subent :’ $adapterConfiguration.IPSubnet
Write-Host ‘Default Gateway :’ $adapterConfiguration.DefaultIPGateway
Write-Host
 
}

For the next step I go to my second host. There I have my other Windows PowerShell script (Set-IPAddressfromXML) and a XML file (networkconfig.xml).

dir

I edit the networkconfig.xml file with the correct network information. Important here are the id=”” parameters. They are showing the order of the NICs so with Get-NICInformation I can see the Management interface is the first one, so it gets id=”1″, VMNET is the second one it gets id=”2″ and so on. You also set the correct IP Address information for the second host. Most of the time you just have to change the last number.

You can also set non static IP Addresses (DHCP), in my case I did this for the VMNET adapter which will be used by the Hyper-V Virtual Switch and does not need a IP address.

networkconfigxml

<!--?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?-->

After you have done this, you can now simply run the Set-IPAddressfromXML script. This will use the Information from the networkconfig.xml file and will rename all network adapters and will set the correct IP addresses.

set-ipaddressfromxml

# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- #
# Powershell Set-IPAddressfromXML $Rev: 748 $
# (c) 2011 Thomas Maurer. All rights reserved.
# created by Thomas Maurer
# www.thomasmaurer.ch
# www.itnetx.ch
# last Update by $Author: tmaurer $ on $Date: 2012-02-24 14:07:36 +0100 (Fr, 24 Feb 2012) $
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- #
 
#region [INFO BLOCK]
# INFO
Write-Host " " -BackgroundColor Black -ForegroundColor White
Write-Host " PowerShell Set-IPAddressfromXML " -BackgroundColor Black -ForegroundColor White
Write-Host " " -BackgroundColor Black -ForegroundColor White
Write-Host " done by Thomas Maurer " -BackgroundColor Black -ForegroundColor White
Write-Host " www.thomasmaurer.ch " -BackgroundColor Black -ForegroundColor White
Write-Host " " -BackgroundColor Black -ForegroundColor White
#endregion
 
#region [CONFIG BLOCK]
# Get XML Information
<pre lang="xml">$global:xmlData = Get-Content ".\networkconfig.xml"
# Set NIC number starting value
[int]$global:nicNumber = "1"
#endregion
 
#region [MAIN BLOCK]
#Get NIC list
$Adapters = Get-WMIObject Win32_PNPSignedDriver | where { $_.DeviceClass -eq “NET” -and $_.HardWareID -like*PCI*} | Sort-Object location
 
foreach ($Adapter in $Adapters ) {
# Get Adapter Info
$AdapterName = Get-WMIObject Win32_NetworkAdapter | where { $_.PNPDeviceID -eq $Adapter.DeviceID }
$nic = $xmlData.config.networkadapters.nic | Where-Object {$_.id -eq $nicNumber}
 
# Write NIC Info
Write-Host ‘Adapter Name :’ $AdapterName.NetConnectionID
Write-Host ‘PCI BUS :’ $Adapter.Location
Write-Host ‘MAC Address :’ $AdapterName.MACAddress
Write-Host ‘GUID :’ $AdapterName.GUID
Write-Host ‘New Name :’$nic.name
Write-Host
 
# Change NIC Name
Invoke-Expression ('netsh interface set interface `"' + $AdapterName.NetConnectionID + '`" newname=`"' + $nic.name + '`" | out-null')
Write-Host ('netsh interface set interface "' + $AdapterName.NetConnectionID + '" newname="' + $nic.name + '"') -BackgroundColor Green -ForegroundColor Black
 
# if true set IP Address
if ($nic.static -eq "true"){
Invoke-Expression ('netsh interface ipv4 set address `"' + $nic.name + '`" static ' + $nic.ip +' ' + $nic.subnet + ' ' + $nic.gateway + ' | out-null')
Write-Host ('netsh interface ipv4 set address "' + $nic.name + '" static ' + $nic.ip +' ' + $nic.subnet + ' ' + $nic.gateway) -BackgroundColor Green -ForegroundColor Black
}
else {
Write-Host "No IP set" -BackgroundColor Green -ForegroundColor Black
}
 
# Count +1 for next Adapter
$nicNumber++
}
#endregion

 

I can now copy the Set-IPAddressfromXML.ps1 and the networkconfig.xml to each Hyper-V hosts and edit the IP Addresses in the xml file, run the PowerShell file and I am done.

Lets recap:

  1. Rename the NICs of the first hosts
  2. Run the Get-NICInformation.ps1 on the first host and check the NIC order
  3. Edit the networkconfig.xml on the second hosts with the right order of the NICs
  4. Run the Set-IPAddressfromXML.ps1
  5. Do this for all Hyper-V Hosts.

I hope this will make life easier :)

You can download the Scripts from my Skydrive

Some other things:

  • I have tested this with Windows Server 2008 R2, Hyper-V Server R2, Windows Server 8 beta, Hyper-V Server 8 beta
  • It works for both because it’s not done with PowerShell v3, maybe I will update it to get it even better.
  • I do not support this script, and you are running it on your own risk.


Windows Server 2012: Enable CSV Cache

Windows Server 8

In Windows Server 8 beta (Windows Server 2012 beta), Microsoft released a lot of new features for Cluster Shared Volumes (CSV). One of them is CSV Cache. CSV Cache gives you the possibility to allocate system memory (RAM) of the cluster nodes as cache. This can improve the performance of read requests in workloads like Hyper-V.

Now to enable the CSV Cache on a cluster you have to do this with Windows PowerShell.

  1. First open the PowerShell prompt
  2. Set the size of the CSV Cache. The default it 512MB. With this command you will reserve the Memory on all Cluster nodes for caching.
    (Get-Cluster). SharedVolumeBlockCacheSizeInMB = 512
  3. Now you have to enable the Cache on on the Cluster Shared Volumes you want to use.
    Get-ClusterSharedVolume “Cluster Disk 1| Set-ClusterParameter  CsvEnableBlockCache 1

Here you can find a Windows Server 2012: CSV Cache Benchmark

If you want to know more about CSV Cache, you can read this blog post from Elden Christensen on the Failover Clustering and Network Load Balancing Team Blog.



Windows Server “8” Beta Hyper-V Component Architecture Poster

Provides a visual reference for understanding key Hyper-V technologies in Windows Server “8” Beta and focuses on Hyper-V Replica, networking, virtual machine mobility (live migration), storage, failover clustering, and scalability.

Hyper-V Component Architecture Poster

You can download the poster on the Microsoft download site



Setup System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2012 SP1 CTP

Windows Server 8

Microsoft System Center Logo

This quick how-to blog postshows you how you can setup the new released System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2012 SP1 CTP.

Get software

First download the software:

You also need a Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 with SQL 2008 R2 and Service Pack 1

SC2012CTPsetup

Setup SQL Server 2008 R2 SP1

  1. Install a Windows Server 2008 R2 with SP1
  2. Install MS SQL Server 2008 R2 with SP1
  3. Open SQL Firewall Ports, so SCVMM can access the SQL Server

Setup SCVMM 2012 SP1 CTP

  1. Setup a Windows Server 8 with the latest updates
  2. Install the .NET Framework 3.5 Features with the Server Manager
    image
    or with Windows PowerShell:
    Add-WindowsFeature NET-Framework-Features
    Add-WindowsFeature NET-Framework-Core
  3. Install The Windows® Automated Installation Kit (AIK) for Windows® 7
  4. Install the Microsoft® SQL Server® 2008 R2 Native Client
  5. Install the Microsoft® SQL Server® 2008 R2 Command Line Utilities
  6. Start the setup.exe and click install
    image
  7. Choose VMM management server and click next
    image
  8. Configure the SQL connection to your SQL Server
    image
  9. Configure a service account. The service account you use has to member of the local administrator group on the SCVMM server and it should not be the default domain administrator.Because if you use the domain administrator as service acocunt you can not use it as “RunAs” account in SCVMM.
    image
  10. Configure the Library share
    image
  11. Install Winking smile
    image